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Beyond Salsa for Beginners - Table of Contents

This is the Table of Contents for the complete print and eBook versions of Beyond Salsa for Beginners: An Introduction to Latin Music for Dancers and Listeners.

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Table of Contents

Introduction. 12

More About the Listening Tours. 13

About the Free Downloadable Audio Files. 14

Collecting the Music in 2012. 15

Listening Tour 1: Pre-Revolution (1900-1959). 17

How to Use the Listening Tours. 17

Son. 18

Danzón. 20

Further Listening Recommendations for Danzón. 22

Son Montuno. 23

Danzón-Mambo. 25

Mambo in Charangas. 26

Jazzbands. 27

Mambo in Jazzbands. 29

1950s Charanga. 31

Descargas of the 1950s. 34

Chapter 1: Feeling the Grid –  Getting Comfortable with Latin Rhythms. 36

Demystifying Music Notation  or  Four Ways to Say Nothing. 37

The Yardstick Analogy. 41

Measuring the Passage of Time. 41

The Meaning of Musical Talent. 42

Exercise 1-1: Feeling the Subdivisions • Audio Tracks 1-1a & 1-1b. 43

Establishing Your Own Groove. 43

Exercise 1-2: Feeling the Subdivisions • Audio Track 1-2. 43

Exercise 1-3: main beats • Audio Tracks 1-3a and 1-3b

Exercise 1-4: main beats + 3-2 son clave • Audio Tracks 1-4a-d. 46

Track Naming Conventions. 48

How the Audio Files Work. 48

The Pocket. 48

The “Teacher” and the “Tutor”. 48

The Psychological Stages of Learning. 49

Chapter 2: Two-Beat Rhythmic Cells. 51

Exercise 2-1: güiro time-keeping pattern • Audio Tracks 2-1a-d. 52

Exercise 2-2: tresillo • Audio Tracks 2-2a-d. 52

Exercise 2-3: displaced tresillo • Audio Tracks 2-3a-d. 53

Exercise 2-4: cinquillo • Audio Tracks 2-4a-d. 54

Exercise 2-5: bomba sicá • Audio Tracks 2-5a-d. 54

Exercise 2-6: bombo-ponche • Audio Tracks 2-6a-d. 55

Exercise 2-7: bota • Audio Tracks 2-7a-d. 57

Exercise 2-8: bolero bass • Audio Tracks 2-8a-d. 58

Exercise 2-9: habanera • Audio Tracks 2-9a-d. 58

Sidebar: Starting Points. 58

Exercise 2-10: common bass and kick cell • Audio Tracks 2-10a-d. 59

Exercise 2-11: 2-beat conga marcha cell • Audio Tracks 2-11a-d. 61

Listening Tour 2: Post-Revolution (1960-1989). 62

Politics, Economics and Music. 62

Salsa. 64

Cuba in the 1960s. 68

Los Van Van (songo era). 69

Irakere and other Modernized Jazzbands. 72

Ritmo Oriental and other Modernized Charangas. 74

La Ritmo’s Percussion Section. 75

Modernized Conjuntos. 78

Elio Revé y su Charangón. 80

Chapter 3: Four-Beat Rhythmic Cells. 82

Dancing Patterns. 82

Exercise 3-1: basic dance step “on 1” • Audio Tracks 3-1a-d. 83

Exercise 3-2: basic dance step “on 2” • Audio Tracks 3-2a-d and 3-2-prep-a-d. 85

Exercise 3-3: basic dance step “on 3” • Audio Tracks 3-3a-d. 86

Exercise 3-4: basic dance step “on 4” • Audio Tracks 3-4a-d. 87

Variation on Exercise 3-1: basic dance step “New York 2” • (use Audio Track 3-1). 88

Exercise 3-5: special son montuno step • Audio Tracks 3-5a-d. 89

Exercise 3-6: chachachá • Audio Tracks 3-6a-d. 90

Clave Patterns. 92

Exercise 3-7: 2-3 son clave • Audio Tracks 3-7a-d. 92

Exercise 3-8: 3-2 son clave • Audio Track 3-8. 93

Exercise 3-9: 2-3 rumba clave • Audio Tracks 3-9a-d. 94

Exercise 3-10: 3-2 rumba clave • Audio Tracks 3-10a-d. 94

Exercise 3-11: 2-3 clave markers • Audio Tracks 3-11a-d. 96

Exercise 3-12: 3-2 clave markers • Audio Tracks 3-12a-d. 96

Bell Patterns. 97

Exercise 3-13: 2-3 campaneo • Audio Tracks 3-13a-d. 98

Exercise 3-14: 3-2 campaneo • Audio Tracks 3-14a-d. 98

Soapbox Sidebar: Terminology – Get Over It!. 99

Exercise 3-15: 2-3 contracampaneo • Audio Tracks 3-15a-d. 101

Exercise 3-16: 3-2 contracampaneo • Audio Tracks 3-16a-d. 101

Examples of the Three Main Types of mid-20th Century Instrumentation. 103

Exercise 3-17: 2-3 contracampaneo 2 • Audio Tracks 3-17a-d. 104

Exercise 3-18: 3-2 contracampaneo 2 • Audio Tracks 3-18a-d. 104

Patterns for Timbales. 105

Exercise 3-19: 2-3 cáscara • Audio Tracks 3-19a-d. 105

Exercise 3-20: 3-2 cáscara • Audio Tracks 3-20a-d. 106

Exercise 3-21: 2-3 cáscara accents • Audio Tracks 3-21a-d. 106

Exercise 3-22: 3-2 cáscara accents • Audio Tracks 3-22a-d. 107

Exercise 3-23: 2-3 cáscara de rumba • Audio Tracks 3-23a-d. 107

Exercise 3-24: 3-2 cáscara de rumba • Audio Tracks 3-24a-d. 107

Exercise 3-25: 2-3 baqueteo • Audio Tracks 3-25a-d. 108

Exercise 3-26: 3-2 baqueteo • Audio Tracks 3-26a-d. 108

Drumset Patterns. 109

Kick Drum Patterns. 110

Exercise 3-27 • 2-3 common timba marcha kick • Audio Tracks 3-27a-d. 110

Exercise 3-28 • 3-2 common timba marcha kick • Audio Tracks 3-28a-d. 111

Exercise 3-29 • 2-3 common timba presión kick • Audio Tracks 3-29a-d. 111

Exercise 3-30 • 3-2 common timba presión kick • Audio Tracks 3-30a-d. 111

Snare Drum Patterns. 112

Exercise 3-31 • 2-3 timba kick & snare• Audio Tracks 3-31a-d. 112

Exercise 3-32 • 3-2 timba kick & snare• Audio Tracks 3-32a-d. 113

Exercise 3-33 • 2-3 Los Que Son Son kick & snare • Audio Tracks 3-33a-d. 114

Exercise 3-34 • 3-2 Los Que Son Son kick & snare • Audio Tracks 3-34a-d. 114

Exercise 3-35 • 2-3 Los Que Son Son ghost snare • Audio Tracks 3-35a-d. 115

Exercise 3-36 • 3-2 Los Que Son Son ghost snare • Audio Tracks 3-36a-d. 115

Hihat, Toms and Cymbals. 115

Conga Patterns. 116

Exercise 3-37 • 2-3 clave-aligned standard conga marcha • Audio Tracks 3-37a-d. 117

Exercise 3-38 • 3-2 clave-aligned standard conga marcha • Audio Tracks 3-38a-d. 117

Exercise 3-39 • 2-3 2-drum conga marcha • Audio Tracks 3-39a-d. 118

Exercise 3-40 • 3-2 2-drum conga marcha • Audio Tracks 3-40a-d. 118

Listening Tour 3: Timba. 119

Salsa, Timba, Gears and Dancing. 119

NG La Banda. 121

Charanga Habanera. 123

Sidebar: Comparing Issac Delgado and Paulito FG.. 126

Issac Delgado. 127

Paulito FG y su Élite. 130

Manolín, el Médico de la Salsa. 132

Manolito y su Trabuco. 135

Klímax. 137

Bamboleo. 139

Azúcar Negra. 141

Los Van Van (timba era). 143

Pupy Pedroso and Los Que Son Son. 146

Elito Revé y su Charangón. 148

Havana d’Primera. 150

Chapter 4: Perspective in Rhythm – Common Misunderstandings. 155

What is Rhythmic Perspective?. 155

The Problem.. 156

Mixed Signals. 156

How Rhythmic Perspective Affects Our Listening Tour Strategy. 157

Rhythmic Perspective Problem 1: Changüí offbeats. 157

Exercise RP-1: main beats + changüí tres • Audio Tracks RP-1a-d. 158

Exercise RP-2: changüí marímbula • (use Audio Tracks 2-11a-d). 158

Rhythmic Perspective Problem 2: The Anticipated Bass. 159

Exercise RP-3: tumba part for guaguancó • Audio Tracks RP-3a-d. 159

Exercise RP-4: Pare cochero + anticipated bass •  Audio Tracks RP-4a and RP-4b. 161

Rhythmic Perspective Problem 3: 4 Groups of 3 or 3 Groups of 4?. 161

Exercise RP-5: main beats + standard 12/8 bell • Audio Tracks RP-5a-d. 163

What about “6/8”?. 163

12/8 in Popular Music. 163

Rhythmic Perspective Problem 4: “Where’s ‘1’ in 12/8?”. 166

Exercise RP-6: alternate 12/8 bell + main beats • Audio Tracks RP-6a-d. 167

12/8 Clave. 167

Exercise RP-7: main beats + 12/8 rumba clave • Audio Tracks RP-7a-d. 168

Exercise RP-8: main beats + 12/8 arará sabalú bell • Audio Tracks RP-8a-d. 168

Exercise RP-9: main beats + 12/8 alt. sabalú bell • Audio Tracks RP-9a-d. 169

Exercise RP-10: abakúa drum cell 1 • Audio Tracks RP-10a-d. 169

Exercise RP-11: abakúa drum cell 2 • Audio Tracks RP-11a-d. 170

Exercise RP-12: abakúa drum cell 3 • Audio Tracks RP-12a-d. 170

Exercise RP-13: abakúa displaced shaker pattern • Audio Tracks RP-13a-d. 171

Exercise RP-14: Tumba francesa masón + main beats • Audio Tracks RP-14a-e. 171

Exercise RP-15: Tumba francesa yubá + main beats • Audio Tracks RP-15a-d. 172

Exercise RP-16: Tumba francesa frenté + main beats • Audio Tracks RP-16a-d. 172

Exercise RP-17: Tumba francesa yubá to frenté loop • Audio Track RP-17. 173

Rhythmic Perspective Problem 5: Clave Direction – Dancing in 2-3 versus 3-2. 173

Exercise RP-18: basic dance step + 3-2 son clave • Audio Tracks RP-18a-d. 173

Exercise RP-19: basic dance step + 2-3 son clave • Audio Tracks RP-19a-d. 174

Listening Tour 4: Folkloric Music. 175

Afro-Cuban Folkloric Music. 176

Yoruba. 179

Batá. 179

Güiro. 186

Iyesá. 188

Bembé. 189

Carabalí 191

Bantú. 192

Palo. 192

Makuta. 193

Yuka. 194

Dahomey. 196

Arará. 197

Tumba Francesa. 199

Vodú. 200

Folkloric Music of Cuban Origin. 202

Changüí 202

Conga de Comparsa. 206

Rumba. 208

Guaguancó. 209

Yambú. 211

Rumba columbia. 212

Guarapachangueo. 214

Looking Ahead to The Beyond Salsa Series. 216

Beyond Salsa: The Central Premise. 216

How the Series is Organized and Sold. 216

Book. 216

Audio. 217

Video. 217

Beyond Salsa Piano. 218

Beyond Salsa Bass. 219

Beyond Salsa Percussion. 219

Understanding Clave and Clave Changes. 220

Beyond Salsa for Ensemble. 220

Beyond Salsa Bongó and Beyond Salsa Congas. 221

Appendix 1: Glossary. 222

Appendix 2: Spanish Explanations for English Speakers. 231

Pronunciation. 231

Spanish Letter Combinations with the Same Pronunciation. 232

Accent Marks in Spanish. 232

Review.. 232

Capitalization in Spanish. 233

Appendix 3: Other Style Conventions in this Book. 233

Italicization. 233

Appendix 4: For Further Study. 234

Suggested Reading. 234

Suggested Listening. 235

Acknowledgments. 237

About the Author. 237

The Beyond Salsa Catalog – 2012. 239

 

 

miércoles, 14 noviembre 2012, 09:21 pm